Basic techniques of cultivation of various medicinal plants.
Basic procurement organizations (2 days)
This company is engaged in design projects of landscape and land, the cultivation and sale of ornamental shrubs, flowers, lawns. In their range there are medicinal plants such as Coriander (Coriandrum sativirum, Asperaceae), narrow-leaved Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill, Lamiaceae), Peppermint (Mentha pipirita L. Lamiaceae), Sage (Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae), ball Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus Labill.), Ash eucalyptus (Eucalyptus cinerea F. V. Muell. The base prutovidnogo (Eucalyptus viminalis Labill. Myrtaceae), Caraway (Carum carvi L. Apiaceae), common Juniper (Juniperus communis L. Cupressaceae), Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L. Lamiaceae), creeping Thyme (Thymus serpyllum L. Lamiaceae), Origanum (Origanum vulgare L. Lamiaceae), the periwinkle , Oleaster (Elaegnus angustifylia, Elaeagnus), calendula officinalis, or calendula officinalis (Calndula officinlis, Asterceae),scented Pelargonium (Pelargonium odoratissimum, Geraniaceae) etc.
Cultivation (cultivation) of medicinal plants has long been used by man to facilitate their collection and use, is particularly important. A great need for raw materials, on the one hand, and intensive development of agriculture, associated with plowing huge virgin spaces, on the other hand, strongly demanded the establishment in our country of industrial medicinal crop production.
The translation to the culture of medicinal plants is another important aspect – the receipt of raw materials of high quality, containing a large number of pharmacologically active substances.
Productivity of medicinal plants is estimated not only according to the commodity mass, but also on the content of the maximum quantities of active substances.
Especially, if it are individual substances used as drugs or starting compounds for the synthesis of drugs.
The high content of pharmacologically active compounds required for medicinal plant materials used as the total drugs.
Features of industrial cultivation of medicinal crops has its own characteristics. Medicinal crops are placed in a special drug “blocks” with great opportunities for the best placement of perennial medicinal plants in crop rotation.
Medicinal plants are mostly herbaceous (one-, two – and perennial) and shrubs, shrubs, vines and trees. Raw material variety: herb, rhizome with roots, roots, flowers, leaves, fruits, berries. Medicinal crops are sown at the best predecessors, which provide high soil fertility, clean fields from weeds, accumulation of moisture, conducting tillage in the best agrotechnical deadlines and other conditions necessary for a rich harvest of high quality medicinal plant materials. Some medicinal plants are appropriate to grow in certain areas in specialized crop rotations with short rotation. For example, Matricaria recutita very infests a field, so it is sown on the spot 2-3 years in a row, after that within 1-2 years grows other plants that suppress ladder chamomile. In repeated crops in the same place the chamomile harvest is not reduced. Medicinal plants with a long period of life are cultivated. This is the spring Adonis, licorice, Lily of the valley and others that can grow in the same place for several decades. Perennial herbs of tropical and subtropical origin in the areas of their cultivation can not withstand negative temperatures of winter, and grow them by type of annual crops, annual sowing seeds or planting the seedlings and planting her into the ground. Determining optimal culture areas and techniques of its cultivation, it should consider the requirements of each plant to the environmental conditions, satisfaction of which will allow to obtain high yields of raw materials with high content of pharmacologically active substances.