The document that scholars believe the oldest treatise on medicine — the Egyptian papyrus, stores the ideas of the sages who lived almost 4000 years ago — has long been hidden in the vault of rare books the new York medical Academy. It is a remarkable heritage of culture that was already ancient when Rome was in its infancy, and Athens was a small town. Stone monuments of Egypt survived, but the majority of reed manuscripts were lost. Expert James Breasted, who translated the papyrus in the 1920-ies, called him “the world’s oldest manifestation of really scientific knowledge”. Soon the papyrus will be exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum at the exhibition “Medicine of ancient Egypt”. Here you can see scan of the mummy, surgical needles and other medical artifacts. “Their knowledge of the body were incredible, although they didn’t always understand it,” said James Allen, curator of Egyptian art at the met.
Papyrus is clear that the ancient physicians knew that the blood pumped by the heart flows through the body. This concept was not seated until the seventeenth century. They also knew how to do stitches. The manuscript also contains the oldest known descriptions of the symptoms of brain injury. Continue reading
The doctrine of natural therapeutic factors of medicinal plants occupy a special place. Acquaintance with the medicinal properties of plants lalele out in the past and is closely linked with a thousand years history of human development. The names of Hippocrates, Pliny and Dioscorid, collected, compiled and recorded information about the medicinal properties of plants accumulated by the ancient Greeks and Romans, known to every expert in this area. It’s safe to say that will never be forgotten Galen, abbess Hildegard of Bingen, albert the Great, Paracelsus, Sebastian Kneipp and the priest Küntzle, each of which has contributed to the development of herbal medicine. In the late middle ages were very popular herbalists who contributed to the dissemination of knowledge about the healing power of plants.
Herbal medicine today
Over time, the doctrine of the use of medicinal plants for health purposes has grown into science, which became known as phyto (from the Greek. phyton — a plant and therapeia treatment) or herbal treatment. Experts find out why and act on the human body herbs, identify chemical compounds and isolated them in laboratory conditions to establish their properties and features. Continue reading
The best drugs for the treatment of children parents consider drugs based on medicinal plants, first of all, they perceive them as “soft” and effective means. According to the world health organization (who) 30% of people in the world trust the drugs, which are used medicinal plants. Herbs used for years, their market, in contrast to synthetic is increasing every year. About 25% of prescription drugs currently available on the pharmaceutical market and are used in treatment, prepared on the basis of medicinal plants. However, the use of drugs in Pediatrics has its own characteristics and boundaries of security. Not always such funds may be safe in children at a young age, for them there are also certain toxic doses and side effects.
In General, most clinical studies on the use of preparations based on plants conducted involving adult patients, scientific data on the use of herbal remedies in children is very limited. A significant problem in childhood are allergic reactions that may be caused by the use of active biological substances based on herbs. Often herbal support allergic alertness of the child. If the child or one parent has an Allergy to any medicinal plant, drugs in which it voditelb contraindicated or should be used with extreme caution in children. Continue reading