This discovery would not have become a revelation for the doctors of Ancient China. Artemisinin used to treat malaria back in the early 70’s but the plant on the basis of which manufactured the drug, was used in febrile States already in III–IV centuries.
The residences identified properties of artemisinin, studying traditional Chinese treatises on the use of medicinal herbs. The way this discovery was complicated by a vast array of information, the need to conduct hundreds of experiments and political situation in China of the 70s. fortunately, persistence paid off, and now artemisinin is a key anti-malaria drug.
Artemisinin is not only derived from plants, the compound that is used in modern medicine. For example, another medicine for malaria – quinine comes from the bark of a tropical South American Cinchona tree Cinchona officinalis L. analgesic morphine from the opium poppy Papaver somniferum L, and the poison strychnine – from the tree Strychnos nux-vomica L. These plants were used for thousands of years before chemists were able to extract their active ingredients. Continue reading
Habitat and history
Vanilla refers to the vines perennial of the Orchid family. In Latin – pod – vainilla. There are about a hundred species of plants. This is the only type of Orchid that bears fruit.
Vanilla was grown in Central America before the arrival of Columbus. The locals used the vanilla in food as a spice. For example, it was added to chocolate. Vanilla was so popular and valuable that the Aztecs had to pay tribute to vanilla.
Europeans learned about spices, when he visited America in the early 16th century. America, Mexico, Caribbean Islands, Central Africa, Madagascar, India and Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, China is the country where now spread the vanilla. Continue reading
Currently more and more people begin to study medicinal plants — a priceless gift of nature. The use of medicinal plants and herbs to treat a variety of diseases and ailments gives great results. Therefore, herbal treatment (herbalism) is widely used in traditional medicine traditional folk medicine.
Every year is improving care for the population of our country. The quality of the treatment population is only possible through the satisfaction of human needs in effective drugs.
Up to 40% of the total number of drugs used in the treatment of cardiovascular, nervous system and gastro-intestinal tract and liver are the drugs of plant origin, that is created from medicinal plants and herbs. The most important source of medicinal raw materials used by the medical industry, and also in folk medicine (herbalism) are wild plants and wild herbs. Continue reading