The document that scholars believe the oldest treatise on medicine — the Egyptian papyrus, stores the ideas of the sages who lived almost 4000 years ago — has long been hidden in the vault of rare books the new York medical Academy. It is a remarkable heritage of culture that was already ancient when Rome was in its infancy, and Athens was a small town. Stone monuments of Egypt survived, but the majority of reed manuscripts were lost. Expert James Breasted, who translated the papyrus in the 1920-ies, called him “the world’s oldest manifestation of really scientific knowledge”. Soon the papyrus will be exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum at the exhibition “Medicine of ancient Egypt”. Here you can see scan of the mummy, surgical needles and other medical artifacts. “Their knowledge of the body were incredible, although they didn’t always understand it,” said James Allen, curator of Egyptian art at the met.
Papyrus is clear that the ancient physicians knew that the blood pumped by the heart flows through the body. This concept was not seated until the seventeenth century. They also knew how to do stitches. The manuscript also contains the oldest known descriptions of the symptoms of brain injury. Continue reading
This discovery would not have become a revelation for the doctors of Ancient China. Artemisinin used to treat malaria back in the early 70’s but the plant on the basis of which manufactured the drug, was used in febrile States already in III–IV centuries.
The residences identified properties of artemisinin, studying traditional Chinese treatises on the use of medicinal herbs. The way this discovery was complicated by a vast array of information, the need to conduct hundreds of experiments and political situation in China of the 70s. fortunately, persistence paid off, and now artemisinin is a key anti-malaria drug.
Artemisinin is not only derived from plants, the compound that is used in modern medicine. For example, another medicine for malaria – quinine comes from the bark of a tropical South American Cinchona tree Cinchona officinalis L. analgesic morphine from the opium poppy Papaver somniferum L, and the poison strychnine – from the tree Strychnos nux-vomica L. These plants were used for thousands of years before chemists were able to extract their active ingredients. Continue reading
The best drugs for the treatment of children parents consider drugs based on medicinal plants, first of all, they perceive them as “soft” and effective means. According to the world health organization (who) 30% of people in the world trust the drugs, which are used medicinal plants. Herbs used for years, their market, in contrast to synthetic is increasing every year. About 25% of prescription drugs currently available on the pharmaceutical market and are used in treatment, prepared on the basis of medicinal plants. However, the use of drugs in Pediatrics has its own characteristics and boundaries of security. Not always such funds may be safe in children at a young age, for them there are also certain toxic doses and side effects.
In General, most clinical studies on the use of preparations based on plants conducted involving adult patients, scientific data on the use of herbal remedies in children is very limited. A significant problem in childhood are allergic reactions that may be caused by the use of active biological substances based on herbs. Often herbal support allergic alertness of the child. If the child or one parent has an Allergy to any medicinal plant, drugs in which it voditelb contraindicated or should be used with extreme caution in children. Continue reading